No other flood barrier in the world has larger moveable parts than the Maeslant Barrier. This part of the Delta Works can withstand a storm tide of 5 metres above NAP.
The Maeslant Barrier is located in the Nieuwe Waterweg near Hook of Holland and was built between 1991 and 1997. The structure is operated entirely automatically and, together with the Hartel Barrier and the expanded Rozenburg dyke, forms the Europoort Barrier. The Maeslant Barrier is a forward flood surge barrier, which means that it receives the full brunt of flooding from the sea and so protects the residents of the province of Zuid-Holland.
Facts and figures Maeslant Barrier
is the width of each door of the Maeslant storm surge barrier
The Maeslant Barrier:
was closed for the first time in 2007
has two doors, each 210 metres wide, 22 metres high and 15 metres deep. When the barrier closes, they fill with water and sink to the bottom within two hours
operates with ball-and-socket joints, each of which is 10 metres in diameter and weighs 680 tonnes
The Maeslant Barrier was not a part of the original Delta Plan, but its design is just as ingenious and massive as the other structures in the Delta Works. Prior to its construction, an independent committee in close consultation with Rijkswaterstaat, the municipality of Rotterdam and the water board investigated four variants. The committee assessed the duration the design would take to build, the costs and the consequences for the business community. It also assessed which variant would blend most effectively into the landscape.
Tasks of Rijkswaterstaat
Rijkswaterstaat manages and maintains the Maeslant Barrier. Using a specially developed model we carry out analyses to calculate the risk that the barrier will refuse to close and test, inspect, repair and if necessary replace parts on the basis of those calculations.
The Maeslant Barrier closes fully automatically
Closure of the barrier
The Maeslant Barrier closes if the water level is predicted to rise to more than 3 metres above NAP near Rotterdam or more than 2,9 metres above NAP near Dordrecht. The closure of the barrier and the decision to close it both occur fully automatically. In principle, no human intervention is required. Nevertheless, if flooding is expected, an operational team from Rijkswaterstaat is always on hand to monitor the automatic process and to intervene manually if necessary.